We have started using the word ‘formed’ instead of ‘production’.
We are currently reading volume 3 of ‘The Great Treatise on the Stages of the Path to Enligtenment’ by Lama Tsongkhapa. In volume 3 Lama Tsongkhapa discusses conventional existence and ultimate existence.
The word ‘production’ is used a great deal during the analysis of ultimate existence when discussing emptiness and dependent arising. The purpose of the analysis is to identify whether the ‘production’ or the process of producing a thing is itself independently, intrinsically existent or not.
Let’s start with some definitions from the Oxford Dictionaries:
The action of making or manufacturing from components or raw materials, or the process of being so manufactured.
Example: ‘the car is no longer in production’
The creation of something as part of a physical, biological, or chemical process.
Example: ‘excess production of collagen by the liver’
Bring together parts or combine to create (something)
Example: ‘the company was formed in 1982’
Go to make up or constitute.
Example: ‘the precepts which form the basis of the book’
When we think of ‘production’ we think of a whole other new thing being created, such as fire is produced from heat, oxygen, and a fuel. When we think of ‘formed’ we think of things being brought together temporarily, such as forming a sandcastle or patting a snowball.
In this way the word ‘form’ better reflects the temporary nature of dependent arising, indicating that things are brought together temporarily, giving rise to something that will dissolve and give rise to something else. This helps us to understand that there is little use in becoming attached to these fleeting formations, whether the formations are experiences, people, or possessions. All of them arise in dependence on a multitude of causes and conditions.