In ‘Meditation on Emptiness’ by Jeffrey Hopkins, pp.61-63 establishes one of three other forms of establishing selfnessness.
This first method of reasoning establishes an object such as a piece of fruit appearing inherently, independently, as though it exists from it’s own side. As though there is no need for the piece of fruit to be designated by the subject. As though the piece of fruit is there whether you are there or not. As though it is eternal, a quality of existing always.
But a piece of fruit does not always exist. It arises from specific causes, the first among these is a seed or pip. Conditions are then required such as soil, moisture, sunlight, the right temperature, and other contributing factors. From these causes and conditions the piece of fruit is able to grow. Once is has grown it will deteriorate and become nothing.
The piece of fruit will arise and deteriorate, therefore the piece of fruit does not inherently exist. ‘Meditation on Emptiness’ pg.62 explains the following:
An inherently existent apple is not produced because what inherently exists must always exist and thus there would be no need for it to be produced.
Things appear to have a solidity to them, a forever factor that goes on and on. But by watching the contents of a bowl of fruit, a vase of flowers, we will know that this certainly is not the case. Things appear to exist as independent entities, when really things are in a constant stage of flux like a process. For me this brings to mind an ever-changing fast moving river that is clearly in a state of flux, never stopping, and constantly changing.